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Please check Google Scholar for our most recent pubs and the pdfs of and papers not included here.

All names in bold are members of the Hood lab.


  • Koch, RE, KL Buchanan, S Casagrande, O Crino, DK Dowling, GE Hill, WR Hood, M McKenzie, MM Mariette, DWA Noble, A Pavlova, F Seebacher, P Sunnucks, E Udino, CR White, K Salin, A Stier. 2021. Integrating Mitochondrial Aerobic Metabolism into Ecology and Evolution. Trends in Ecology and Evolution36:321-332.

  • Y Zhang, GE Hill, Z Ge NR Park, HA Taylor, VA Andreasen, L Tardy, AN Kavazis, C Bonneaud, WR Hood. 2021. Effects of a bacterial infection on mitochondrial function and oxidative stress in a songbird. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 94:71-80.

  • Heine, KB, NM Justin, GE Hill and WR Hood. 2021. Ultraviolet irradiation alters the density of inner mitochondrial membrane and proportion of inter-mitochondrial junctions in copepod myocytes. Mitochondrion 56:82-90.

  • Yap, KP, K Yamada, S Zikeli, and WR Hood. 2021. Evaluating endoplasmic reticulum stress and unfolded protein response through the lens of ecology and evolution. Biological Reviews 96:541-556.




  • WR Hood, Y Zhang, AV Mowry, HW Hyatt, AN Kavazis. 2018.  Life history trade-offs within the context of mitochondrial hormesis. Integrative and Comparative Biology 58: 567-577

  • WR Hood, SN Austad, P Bize, AG Jimenez, KL Montooth, PM Schulte, GR Scott, I Sokolova, JR Treberg, K Salin. 2018.  The mitochondrial contribution to animal performance, adaptation, and life-history variation. Integrative and Comparative Biology: 480-485

  • Schmidt, CM, LI Chiba, WR Hood. 2018. The effects of parity and litter size on bone metabolic activity in pregnant and lactating sows. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 102:1651-1656

  • Zhang, Y, AL Brasher, NR Park, HA Taylor, AN Kavazis, and WR Hood. 2018. High activity before breeding improves reproductive performance by enhancing mitochondrial function and biogenesis. Journal of Experimental Biology, jeb 177469

  • Koch, RE, AN Kavzis, D Hasselquist, WR Hood, Y Zhang, GE Hill. 2018.  No evidence that carotenoid pigments boost either immune or antioxidant defenses in a songbird.  Nature Communications doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-02974-x

  • Hyatt, HW, Y ZhangWR Hood, and AN Kavazis. 2018. Physiological, mitochondrial, and oxidative stress differences in the presence or absence of lactation in rats, Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 16: 2.

  • Zhang, YF Humes, G Almond, AN Kavazis, and WR Hood. 2018. A mitohormetic response to pro-oxidant exposure in the house mouse. American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology doi: 10.1152/ajpregu.00176.2017


  • Hyatt, HW, Y Zhang, WR Hood, and AN Kavazis. 2017. Lactation has persistent effects on a mother’s metabolism and mitochondrial function. Scientific Reports 7: 17118, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-17418-7.

  • Zhang, Y, C Kallenberg, HW Hyatt, AN Kavazis, and WR Hood. 2017. Change in the Lipid Transport Capacity of the Liver and Blood during Reproduction in Rats.  Frontiers in Physiology 8: article 517

  • Mowry, AV, AN Kavazis, WR Hood. 2017. Mitochondrial function and bioenergetic tradeoffs during lactation in the House Mouse (Mus musculus). Ecology and Evolution DOI: 10.1002/ece3.2817


  • Schmidt, CM and WR Hood. 2016. Female white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus) trade off offspring skeletal quality for self-maintenance when dietary calcium intake is low. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological Genetics and Physiology 325: 581-587

  • Zhang, Y, and WR Hood. 2016. Current versus future reproduction and longevity: a re-evaluation of predictions and mechanisms.  Journal of Experimental Biology 219: 3177-3189

  • Mowry, AV, AN Kavazis, AE Sirman, WK Potts, WR Hood. 2016. Reproduction Does Not Adversely Affect Liver Mitochondrial Respiratory Function but Results in Lipid Peroxidation and Increased Antioxidants in House Mice. PLoS ONE 11(8): e0160883

  • Bentz, AB, A Sirman, H Wada, KJ Navara, WR Hood. 2016. Relationship between maternal environment and DNA methylation patterns of estrogen receptor alpha in wild Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis) nestlings: a pilot study. Ecology and Evolution 6: 4741-4752


  • Skibiel AL and WR Hood. 2015. Milk matters: offspring survival in Columbian ground squirrels is affected by nutrient composition of mother’s milk. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 3:111

  • Hood WR and M Hobensack. 2015. The effect of locomotor stress on the mobilization of bone from the maternal skeleton. PLoS One 10(3): e0122702


  • Mateos-Gonzalez F, WR Hood, and GE Hill. 2014. Carotenoid coloration predicts escape performance in the House Finch. Auk 131:275-281

  • Hood, WR, DS Kessler, OT Oftedal.  2014.  Milk composition and lactation strategy of a eusocial mammal, the naked mole-rat. Journal of Zoology 293:108–118

  • Schmidt CM and WR Hood. 2014. Bone loss is a physiological cost of reproduction in white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus). Mammalian Biology 79:96–100


  • Hill GE, Fu X, Balenger S, McGraw KJ, Giraudeau M, and WR Hood. 2013. Changes in concentrations of circulating heat-shock proteins in House Finches in response to different environmental stressors. Journal of Field Ornithology 84:416-424

  • Skibiel AL, JR Speakman, and WR Hood. 2013. Testing the prediction of energy allocation decisions in the evolution of life history tradeoffs. Functional Ecology 27:1382-1391

  • Davis A, WR Hood, GE Hill. 2013. Prevalence of Blood Parasites in Eastern Versus Western House Finches: Are Eastern Birds Resistant to Infection? Ecosphere 10:290-297

  • Skibiel AL, LM Downing, TJ Orr, and WR Hood. 2013. The evolution of the nutrient composition of mammalian milks. Journal of Animal Ecology 82:1254-1264

  • Skibiel AL and WR Hood. 2013. Milk Composition in a Hibernating Rodent; the Columbian Ground Squirrel (Urocitellus columbianus). Journal of Mammalogy 94:146-154


  • Schmidt CM and WR Hood. 2012. Calcium availability influences litter size and sex ratio in white-footed mice (Peromyscus leucopus). PLOS One 7(8): e41402

  • Hood WR. 2012. A test of bone mobilization relative to reproductive demand: Skeletal quality is improved in cannibalistic females with large litters. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 85:385-396 



  • Senda, A, R Kobayashi, K Fukuda, T Saito, W Hood, T Kunz, O Oftedal and T Urashima. 2011. Chemical characterization of milk oligosaccharides of the island flying fox (Pteropus hypomelanus) (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae). Animal Science Journal 82:782-786

  • Hood WR, OT Oftedal, TH Kunz. 2011. Is tissue maturation necessary for flight? Changes in body composition during postnatal development in the big brown bat. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 181:423-435


  • Booher CM and WR Hood. 2010. Calcium utilization during reproduction in big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus). Journal of Mammalogy 91:952-959

  • Kunz TH, WR Hood, and L Nadolny. 2010. Lactation and postnatal growth. Pp 223-238 in Bats in Captivity, Volume 2: Aspects of Rehabilitation (Barnard, S.M., ed.). Logos Press, Washington, D.C.

  • Kunz TH, L Nadolny, and WR Hood. 2010. Reproductive patterns and parental care: Megachiroptera. Pp 43-56 in Bats in Captivity, Volume 2: Aspects of Rehabilitation (Barnard, S.M., ed.). Logos Press, Washington, D.C.


  • Hill, GE, WR Hood, and K Huggins. 2009. A multifactorial test of the effects of carotenoid access, food intake, and parasite load on production of ornamental feather and bill coloration in American Goldfinches. Journal of Experimental Biology 212:1225-1233.

  • Kunz, TH, RA Adams, and WR Hood. 2009. Methods for Assessing Size and Birth and Postnatal Growth and Development in Bats. Pp. 273-314 in T.H. Kunz and S. Parsons (ed) Ecological and Behavioral Methods for the Study of Bats. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore

  • Hood WR, MB Voltura, and OT Oftedal. 2009. Methods of measuring milk composition and yield in small mammals. Pp. 529-553 in T.H. Kunz and S. Parsons (ed) Ecological and Behavioral Methods for the Study of Bats. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore


  • Hood WR, OT Oftedal, TH Kunz. 2006. Variation in body composition of female big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) during lactation. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 176: 807-819.

  • Shawkey MD, GE Hill, KJ McGraw, WR Hood, and K Huggins. 2006. An experimental test of contributions and condition dependence of microstructure and carotenoids in yellow plumage coloration. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 273:2985-2991


  • Frank, CL, WR Hood, and MC Donnelly. 2004. The role of a-linolenic acid (18:3) in mammalian torpor. Pp. 71-80 in B. M. Barnes and H.V. Carey, eds. Life in the Cold: Evolution, Mechanisms, Adaptation and Application. Institute of Arctic Biology Press


  • Hood WR, J. Bloss, and T.H. Kunz. 2002. Intrinsic and extrinsic sources of variation in timing and synchrony of births and postnatal growth in the big brown bat, Eptesicus fuscus, in New England. Journal of Zoology 258:355-363

  • Bloss J, TE Acree, JM Bloss, W.R. Hood, and T.H. Kunz. 2002. Potential use of chemical cues for colony-mate recognition in big brown bats, Eptesicus fuscus. Journal of Chemical Ecology 28:799-814


  • Hood WR, TH Kunz, OT Oftedal, SJ Iverson, D LeBlanc, and J Seyjagat. 2001. Interspecific and intraspecific variation in the proximate, mineral, and fatty acid composition of milk in Old-World fruit bats (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae). Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 74:134-146


  • Kunz TH, and WR Hood. 2000. Parental effort and postnatal growth in the Chiroptera. Pp. 415-468 in P. Krutzsch and E. Crichton, eds. Reproductive Biology of Bats. Academic Press, San Diego



  • Kunz TH, E Bicer, WR Hood, MJ Axtell, WR Harrington, BA Silvia, and EP Widmaier. 1999. Plasma leptin decreases during lactation in insectivorous bats. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 169:61-66


  • Hood WR, and KA Ono. 1997. Variation in maternal attendance patterns and pup behavior in a declining population of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Canadian Journal of Zoology 75:1241-1246


  • Byrnes P, and WR Hood. 1994. First account of Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) predation on a young California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). Marine Mammal Science 10:381-383


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